Kirkandrews on Eden
Ancient parish in Cumberland ward, Cumberland. Absorbed into Beaumont CP 1934.
1,010 acres [409 ha]. Kirkandrews Moor divided 1686-1708; remaining common land (140 acres [57 ha]) enclosed 1857.
Population: estimated at 100 in 1688; in range 100-140 across 19th and early 20th century (peak 149 in 1901); stood at 145 in 1931 (last census year for which separate figure available).
part of barony of Burgh by Sands (q.v.).
predominantly agricultural; some gravel pits in 18th and 19th centuries. Bone manure works beside Carlisle and Silloth railway later 19th century.
Places of worship:
medieval parish church of St Andrew; seems to have survived in 1688 but long since demolished (site marked by St Andrew’s well and graveyard); parish served by Beaumont church since 1692. Kirksteads (one mile south of village) said to mark site of ancient chapel.
Schools and other institutions:
school built 1817 to serve villages of Kirkandrews, Grinsdale and Beaumont, benefitting from Thomas Pattinson’s charity. Replaced by Board school on new site, erected 1876; closed 1984. Old school used as reading room since 1876. Carlisle’s smallpox isolation hospital was built in south end of parish c.1906; closed c.1981. Village hall (Beaumont Parish Hall) built mid-20th century.