CP in Kendal parish, Kendal ward, Westmorland, created 1897 from part of township of Scalthwaiterigg, Hay & Hutton-in-the-Hay. For remainder of former township, see New Hutton.
CP contained 1,242 acres [503 ha] before loss of territory (c.200 acres [c.80 ha]) to Kendal 1919 and 1935. Former township of Scalthwaiterigg, Hay & Hutton-in-the-Hay contained 3,434 acres [1,390 ha]. Common land at Mint’s Feet (105 acres [42 ha]) enclosed 1815.
township population rising throughout 19th century from 250 in 1801 to 653 in 1891 (last census year before boundary changes). Scalthwaiterigg CP contained 585 inhabitants in 1911, most in built-up area on edge of Kendal; after loss of those areas to Kendal, remaining population fell from 182 in 1921 to low of 81 in 1971; stood at 104 in 2001.
part of Marquis fee of barony of Kendal (q.v.).
farming; industrial colony at Mealbank since 18th century: fulling mill and woollen manufacture from 1748; Braithwaite & Co. woollen mill from 1830s; closed 1966. Snuff manufacture (Samuel Gawith & Co.) from 1792 to 1921. Oil mill (extracting oil from mill waste) late 19th/early 20th century. Industrial estate on site of former mills.
Places of worship:
hospital of St Leonard (site now Spital Farm) founded early 13th century; dissolved at Reformation.
Schools and other institutions:
school established at Mealbank 1846 by F. & C. Braithwaite for children of workers at their woollen mill; rebuilt 1868 with reading room and library; later known as Scalthwaiterigg Mealbank Council School; closed mid-20th century and converted to housing.