Renwick

Status

RENWICK: an ancient parish in Leath Ward, Cumberland. 

Merged with KIRKOSWALD CP in 1934.

Acreage of administrative unit

4299 acres [1740 ha]. Moorland at Middle Moor and Long Moor, totalling 850 acres [350 hectares] was enclosed in 1818; a further 2,525 acres [1,004 ha] of common land on Renwick Fell were enclosed in 1864.

Population

Estimated at 265 in 1687; 201 in 1801, rising to a peak of 375 in 1831; then falling to 174 in 1931 (last census year for which separate figures available).

Land ownership

Granted c.1120 to Staveley family; sold c.1290 to Harcla; forfeited on attainder of Sir Andrew Harcla 1323; granted to Robert of Eaglesfield 1328, and by him to his new foundation Queen’s College Oxford in 1341, with whom lordship of the manor remained until 20th century.

Economic activity

Coal mining recorded by 1620; continued until c.1865; lime kilns and freestone quarries; corn mill c.1400 – c.1880.

Places of worship

Parish church of All Saints, medieval in origin, rebuilt 1737 and 1845/6; Wesleyan chapel 1818, rebuilt 1905.

Institutions

School at Linghouse (Scalehouses) c.1790-1830; National school 1838; Board/council school 1876, closed 1987.

Additional sources used

Muniments of Queen’s College Oxford

Compiled by: Richard Alexander Allport Brockington

FULL HISTORY (DRAFT ARTICLE)