Renwick

Ancient parish in Leath ward, Cumberland. Absorbed into Kirkoswald CP 1934.

Acreage: 4,299 acres [1,740 ha]. Moorland at Middle Moor and Long Moor, totalling 850 acres [350 ha], enclosed 1818; further 2,525 acres [1,004 ha] of common land on Renwick Fell enclosed 1864.

Population: around 150 in mid-17th century (though estimated at 265 in 1688); rose from 189 in 1782 to peak of 375 in 1831; then fell to 174 in 1931 (last census year for which separate figure available).

Landownership: manor of Renwick granted to Adam de Staveley, lord of Sedbergh and Dent, early 12th century; sold 1296-7 by Thomas de Staveley to Michael de Harcla; forfeited on attainder of Sir Andrew Harcla 1323; granted to Robert de Eaglesfield 1328, who used it to endow Queen’s College, Oxford, 1341, with whom lordship of manor remained.

Economy: predominantly agricultural: sheep grazing on fells said to be important in later 17th century. Coal mining recorded 1620; continued until mid-19th century. Quarrying and lime-burning from late 18th century to 1880s.

Places of worship: medieval parish church of All Saints; rebuilt 1737 and 1845-6. Wesleyan Methodist chapel built 1818; rebuilt 1905; still in use.

Schools and other institutions: school near church recorded 1675; disused by 1711. Schoolhouse built 1758 and endowed by Thomas Tallentire (d. 1767); replaced by new National school on waste near church 1838; in turn replaced by Board school 1876, closed 1987. Second school opened by Thomas Robinson, curate, at Linghouse (near Scalehouses) c.1790; closed c.1830. Reading room established in former (1838) school building 1879; closed 1950s; reopened 1977.

 

 

How were these summaries compiled for Cumberland?

 

Other Websites

 

Images and maps (from Portsmouth University) on Old Cumbria Gazetteer

 

Renwick on Vision of Britain

 

Specific to this township:

 

Legend of a cockatrice

 

 

Countywide Web Sites

 

this link gives a schedule of many Cumbria-specific sites, which cover several Cumbrian townships; each would need to be opened and searched using the FIND facility to see if any reference is made to this township..

Outcounty Web Sites

 

this link gives a schedule of many national sites, which contain information about Cumbrian history; each would need to be opened and searched using the FIND facility to see if any reference is made to this township.

Other Resources

 

Map of Renwick (1900)

 

Historical buildings in this township

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