4299 acres [1740 ha]. Moorland at Middle Moor and Long Moor, totalling 850 acres [350 hectares] was enclosed in 1818; a further 2,525 acres [1,004 ha] of common land on Renwick Fell were enclosed in 1864.
Estimated at 265 in 1687; 201 in 1801, rising to a peak of 375 in 1831; then falling to 174 in 1931 (last census year for which separate figures available).
Granted c.1120 to Staveley family; sold c.1290 to Harcla; forfeited on attainder of Sir Andrew Harcla 1323; granted to Robert of Eaglesfield 1328, and by him to his new foundation Queen’s College Oxford in 1341, with whom lordship of the manor remained until 20th century.
Coal mining recorded by 1620; continued until c.1865; lime kilns and freestone quarries; corn mill c.1400 – c.1880.
Parish church of All Saints, medieval in origin, rebuilt 1737 and 1845/6; Wesleyan chapel 1818, rebuilt 1905.
School at Linghouse (Scalehouses) c.1790-1830; National school 1838; Board/council school 1876, closed 1987.
Muniments of Queen’s College Oxford
Compiled by: Richard Alexander Allport Brockington
FULL HISTORY (DRAFT ARTICLE)
- Renwick Full Article (pdf)
- Renwick: Introduction (pdf)
- Renwick: Landownership (pdf)
- Renwick: Economic History (pdf)
- Renwick: Social History (pdf)
- Renwick: Religious History (pdf)
- Renwick: Local Government (pdf)