Township in Addingham parish, Leath ward, Cumberland. Absorbed into Glassonby CP 1934.
9,810 acres [3,970 ha] excluding Glassonby Fell, a detached portion of rough fell land (706 acres [286 ha]) in Glassonby township, which was added to Gamblesby CP 1888. Gamblesby Low Fell and Viol Moor (1,480 acres [599 ha]) enclosed 1860; Gamblesby Fell (1,720 acres [696ha]) enclosed 1868.
rising from 222 in 1801 to peak of 301 in 1831, followed by downward trend to 197 in 1931 (last census year for which separate figure available).
descended with Glassonby (q.v.) until Edward I granted Gamblesby-with-Unthank to William, 2nd Lord Latimer (d. 1326), subsequently passing by marriage to Nevilles in later 14th century. Reverted to Crown 1471; then descended with honour of Penrith (q.v.).
pastoral farming. Coal and lead mining on Hartside, recorded from 1688. Ironstone mining, quarrying and lime-burning in 19th century. Only Woolhead and Hartside quarries remained open by 1898.
Places of worship:
Wesleyan Methodist chapel built 1784; replaced by new chapel on same site 1864; still in use. Congregational chapel built 1824; replaced by larger chapel 1864; closed 1930s; converted to dwelling by 1955. St John’s Church (Anglican chapel-of-ease to St Michael’s, Addingham) built 1868; closed 2002 and converted to dwelling.
Schools and other institutions:
schoolhouse by 1751, when John Wesley preached in it. Board school built on new site, opened 1877; closed 1970; used as village hall until 2001 (when closed, as structurally unsound); hall rebuilt and reopened 2007.