How was this summary compiled? (Cumberland)

These summaries were compiled during 2012 by Cumbria County History Trust volunteers. They are based on a common set of key sources, listed below.

PLEASE NOTE THAT THE ACCURACY AND COMPLETENESS OF THE SUMMARIES REMAINS TO BE VERIFIED BY SYSTEMATIC AND MUCH MORE EXTENSIVE RESEARCH IN ORIGINAL SOURCES: THIS WILL TAKE PLACE IN DUE COURSE AS PARISH AND TOWNSHIP HISTORIES ARE DRAFTED FOR THE VICTORIA COUNTY HISTORY OF CUMBRIA.

The sources used in the compilation of the summaries were:

Ordnance Survey 6” (1:10,560) County Series maps, First and Second Editions (c.1860 and c.1900)

Census data (click here for census data for Cumberland 1801-2001)

Selected Trade Directories, specifically: Parson & White’s History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland and Westmorland (1829); Mannix & Whellan’s Directory of Cumberland (1847); Bulmer’s History and Directory of Cumberland (1901) Kelly’s Directory of Cumberland & Westmorland (1938)

1851 Religious Census

Cumbria Archive Service handlist of enclosure awards. Details of surviving common land were obtained from the Common Land in England database at http://common-land.com/

Thomas, Surtees Society Vol. 207 (2003). Denton: a Perambulation of Cumberland 1687-1688

1818 returns of schools

M. Hyde and N. Pevsner, Cumbria (Buildings of England series, Yale UP, 2010)

Local sources (published directories and guides, company and community websites, local knowledge) for information on economic activity since 1939.

A Note on Maps: The map or maps which accompany each digest are to be regarded as diagrammatic only. Whilst the features shown are in their correct places, their representation is not to scale – a road shown to scale would be a very fine line, which would probably fragment when transferred to the website. Only the main features of a township are shown, as it was in 1900-01. Roads which do not lead to another community are omitted (usually not metalled later in the C20.) Likewise a built-up community is marked only in a general way, not specific buildings; individual properties elsewhere ( e.g. farms) are not included in the interests of simplicity.

These maps have been drawn with information from the Ordnance Survey Second Edition (1900-1901) scale 1:10560, with occasional reference to scale 1:2500 where detail was not clear. Each map is to a different scale, marked on the map, to accommodate the final map to an A4 page size